Intersex people are individuals born with any of several variations in sex characteristics including chromosomes , gonads , sex hormones or genitals that, according to the UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights , "do not fit the typical definitions for male or female bodies". It was the first attempt at creating a taxonomic classification system of intersex conditions. Intersex people were categorized as either having true hermaphroditism , female pseudohermaphroditism , or male pseudohermaphroditism. Intersex people face stigmatization and discrimination from birth, or from discovery of an intersex trait, such as from puberty. This may include infanticide, abandonment and the stigmatization of families. However, this is considered controversial, with no firm evidence of favorable outcomes. Adults, including elite female athletes, have also been subjects of such treatment. Some intersex persons may be assigned and raised as a girl or boy but then identify with another gender later in life, while most continue to identify with their assigned sex. Intersex people are born with sex characteristics including genitals, gonads and chromosome patterns that do not fit typical binary notions of male or female bodies.
The Atlantic Crossword
Intersex is a group of conditions where there is a discrepancy between the external genitals and the internal genitals the testes and ovaries. The older term for this condition is hermaphroditism. Although the older terms are still included in this article for reference, they have been replaced by most experts, patients and families. Increasingly, this group of conditions is being called disorders of sex development DSDs. Note: In many children, the cause of intersex may remain undetermined, even with modern diagnostic techniques. The person has the chromosomes of a woman, the ovaries of a woman, but external outside genitals that appear male.
Members of a small women's rights group, Liverpool ReSisters , have declared that "women don't have penises. It's an attention-grabbing stunt. But are they right? Well, it depends on what they mean by "women. That claim might sound strange.
In many species, the males develop elaborated sexual traits to attract females and dissuade potential rival males through competition. Some iconic examples are the extraordinary feathers of the peacock or paradise birds, or the menacing antlers of dominant red deer males. But how is the role of each sex determined in nature? Why do males generally compete for access to females? Researchers believe the answer lies in what is known as the Bateman principle , which suggests that sexual selection acts with more intensity in the sex that invest less in the offspring. Parental investment was proposed in by the American evolutionary biologist Robert Trivers as a key factor determining which sex is under higher sexual selection pressure. According to Trivers and the Bateman principle, sexual selection is stronger in the sex that allocates fewer resources to parental investment. The costs associated with the production of minuscule sperm cells are lower than those associated to the production of large eggs.